Friday, April 19, 2019

God’s Appointed Times, in a nutshell

For those who are new to the idea of Torah (God's Divine Instructions in Righteousness as outlined in the first five Books of the Bible), did you know that God's seven "feasts" were meant for ALL who accept Him? Did you know that each of those Appointed Times has significance in biblical history and in ADONAI’s grand plan ... AND did you know that Yeshua has so far fulfilled FOUR of those SEVEN Feasts?

Yes, we definitely are to celebrate those Feasts! Remember, in Messiah Yeshua (Jesus), there is no Jew nor Gentile, male nor female, slave nor free (Galatians 3:28); as we are all ONE in Messiah (Romans 12:5 and John 17:21), which means, ALL are to follow the same rules.

While this may sound daunting, it's not. Once you grasp what Torah is, and begin to follow some of those "forever" rules (i.e., the yearly feasts and weekly Sabbaths), you'll discover what joy it is to DO something for our Creator. Those set-apart times are our weekly and yearly "dates" with Him. Halleluyah!

Please click on this link to find out more about each of God's Appointed Times.

Thursday, April 18, 2019

Parashah 31: Emor (Speak); Leviticus 21:1 through 24:23

Shabbat shalom, mishpocah!  As always, a synopsis of this week’s Torah portion can be found on our website: Parashah 31: Emor [Speak]; Leviticus 21:1 through 24:23

This lesson is absolutely POWERFUL - with its basic messages being the holiness YHWH expected of His cohenim (priests); and the giving of YHWH's "designated times" - His Feasts - all of which bear the statement that they are to be observed "forever" and/or "throughout your generations."

Leviticus 21 starts out with YHWH commanding Moshe to tell the cohenim what they are to do to be considered holy in His eyes. We must remember that the office of cohen is an elevated position beyond compare. Cohenim were expected to be blemishless both on the exterior and on the interior - Not perfect (since no human is perfect), but blemishless and without defect whenever they came into His Presence, as they were the intermediaries between YHWH and His people. YHWH even expected His cohens to marry "unblemished" women:

Leviticus 21: "'A cohen is not to marry a woman who is a prostitute, who has been profaned or who has been divorced; because he is holy for his God.

The above brings to mind the Catholic "priests" who are forbidden to marry and who, in no way, resemble YHWH's cohens - who, incidentally, come only from the tribe of Levi. (One has to wonder from where the Catholics got most of their rules and regulations, because they certainly didn't come from Torah....)

For more, please read our synopsis, and be sure to read the actual Torah and related portions, as well.  Shabbat shalom!

Do you know an anti-Semite? Send them this article!

When we think of anti-Semitism, we automatically think of “Jews”. The truth is, “the Jews" has become a blanket description for all Israelites – but, in reality, only someone born into the Tribe of Judah can claim they are Jews.

Remember, “Israel” consists of 12 Tribes, Yehudah (Judah/"the Jews") is just one of them … and they happened to be the Tribe YHWH chose to safeguard His Torah when He banished His people into the nations for their constant disobedience (see Jeremiah 3).

Now – many Christians are under the erroneous impression that when God supposedly “divorced” Israel, it automatically made Christians His “chosen” because they’ve “accepted Jesus”. Nothing could be further from the truth!

Genesis 49: 10 The scepter will not pass from Y'hudah, nor the ruler's staff from between his legs, until he comes to whom [obedience] belongs; and it is he whom the peoples will obey. (CJB)

Genesis 49 is, of course, referring to Messiah Yeshua during his second coming, when EVERY knee will bow! (Philippians 2:10-11 and Romans 14:11. Remember, “every knee” didn’t bow the first time he was here - as a matter of fact, they killed him.) The crux of tis scripture is that “the scepter will NOT pass from Judah UNTIL that time. This means, no one is replacing the Jews as YHWH’s chosen…

Same with the following scriptures which refer to a FUTURE time when Yeshua returns as the Lion of Judah (Genesis 49:8-9) when he sits on his throne in the Temple (Zechariah 14:1-21).

Isaiah 11: 10 On that day the root of Yishai, which stands as a banner for the peoples - the Goyim will seek him out, and the place where he rests will be glorious. 11 On that day Adonai will raise his hand again, a second time, to reclaim the remnant of his people who remain from Ashur, Egypt, Patros, Ethiopia, 'Eilam, Shin'ar, Hamat and the islands in the sea. 12 He will hoist a banner for the Goyim, assemble the dispersed of Isra'el, and gather the scattered of Y'hudah from the four corners of the earth. (CJB)

Micah 4: 2 Many Gentiles will go and say, "Come, let's go up to the mountain of ADONAI, to the house of the God of Ya'akov (Yehudah's father)! He will teach us about his ways, and we will walk in his paths." For out of Tziyon will go forth Torah, the word of ADONAI from Yerushalayim. (CJB)

Before we move on, let’s back up and talk about that “divorce” issue for a moment. In ancient Hebrew (Jewish) culture, a “certificate of divorce” was mandatory to terminate a marriage. Without it, the marriage remains. Thus, our first question should be: “Exactly, WHERE is the divorce certificate?” Answer: There isn’t one! Check it out:

Malachi 2:16 tells us that YHWH HATES divorce. Deuteronomy 24:1-4 tells us that a man CANNOT remarry his ex-wife. Matthew 5:31-32 says that one who puts away his wife (for some cause other than fornication) causes her to commit adultery....

There are tons of other scriptures concerning the "divorce" issue, but the question remains: Would YHWH really do that to His "bride"? Would He allow His Divine and Holy Son (His “arm” – Isaiah 53:1, and the Word, John 1:1,14) who will represent YHWH again upon his return to earth, to "marry" a divorced and defiled bride?

Isaiah 50:1  Thus says Yahweh: Where is your mother's writ of divorce by which I repudiated her? Or to which of my creditors have I sold you? Look, you have been sold for your own misdeeds, your mother was repudiated for your acts of rebellion. (NJB)

Notice the question “WHERE is the certificate of divorce?” in the first verse. That means ... THERE WASN'T ANY! YHWH never divorced either Judah or Ephraim, but He did "send them away" for a time. Since there was no writ of divorce to make the separation official, YHWH reserves the right to bring them back at any time - and He will! You'll see this as you read the passage AFTER Jeremiah 3:8, which is apparently overlooked by many.

So, if you go back to at least the beginning of Jeremiah 2, you find that Adonai is berating Israel for their backsliding and their crimes against Him. Jeremiah goes on at some length using metaphor about how Israel's behavior was like that of a prostitute.

Jeremiah 3:8: I saw that even though backsliding Isra'el had committed adultery, so that I had sent her away and given her a divorce document, unfaithful Y'hudah her sister was not moved to fear - instead she too went and prostituted herself. (CJB)

NOTE: Although it sounds like a divorce happened, it didn’t. It will become clear in a moment. Please keep reading:

Jeremiah 3: 12 Go and proclaim these words toward the north: '"Return, backsliding Isra'el," says ADONAI. "I will not frown on you, for I am merciful," says ADONAI. "I will not bear a grudge forever. 13 Only acknowledge your guilt, that you have committed crimes against ADONAI your God, that you were promiscuous with strangers under every green tree, and that you have not paid attention to my voice," says ADONAI. 14 "Return, backsliding children," says ADONAI; "for I am your master. I will take you, one from a city, two from a family, and bring you to Tziyon. (CJB)

Jeremiah 31:31 "Here, the days are coming," says ADONAI, "when I will make a new covenant with the house of Isra'el and with the house of Y'hudah. 32 It will not be like the covenant I made with their fathers on the day I took them by their hand and brought them out of the land of Egypt; because they, for their part, violated my covenant, even though I, for my part, was a husband to them," says ADONAI. 33 "For this is the covenant I will make with the house of Isra'el after those days," says ADONAI: "I will put my Torah within them and write it on their hearts; I will be their God, and they will be my people. 34 No longer will any of them teach his fellow community member or his brother, 'Know ADONAI'; for all will know me, from the least of them to the greatest; because I will forgive their wickednesses and remember their sins no more." (CJB)

So, to reiterate, you can see in Jeremiah 3:8 YHWH threatened divorce but He also gave Israel a chance to repent. Apparently, somehow, Israel did repent, and if you will take a few minutes to read Isaiah 50, you’ll see it is writing about a future PAST the prophecy of Jeremiah 3, after Israel repented and got the promised forgiveness (i.e. that the threatened certificate of divorce was not given.) Otherwise, the Scripture is contradicting itself.

Also note Isaiah chapters 49-50 covered all 12 tribes. YHWH points out that they broke His covenant - "though I was espoused to them" (Jeremiah 3:14) - but He did NOT say in Jeremiah 31:31-34 or anywhere else that the infidelity actually resulted in divorce. People fail to see that the stick of Ezekiel 37:16-22 is in the hand of one shepherd who will rule over them all, one nation....

Isaiah 49:1 Coasts and islands, listen to me, pay attention, distant peoples. Yahweh called me when I was in the womb, before my birth he had pronounced my name. 2 He made my mouth like a sharp sword, he hid me in the shadow of his hand. He made me into a sharpened arrow and concealed me in his quiver. 3 He said to me, 'Israel, you are my servant, through whom I shall manifest my glory.' (NJB)

The Covenant Promises YHWH made through Abraham are for the benefit of ALL nations (Genesis 17:7); and we are told that ALL who accept YHWH as their God are to do "exactly as" HIS people do, because the same law, "same Torah and standard of judgment will apply to both you and the foreigner living with you." (Numbers 15:13-16)

Messiah Yeshua is the "seed" who came to his own people to fulfill the Promise – to the Jews first and then the Gentiles (Romans 1:16, 2:9-10; Matthew 10:5, 6). We are all ONE IN MESSIAH! (Romans 12:5; Galatians 3:28). Same God, same rules!

It’s not good to bash either the Jews or the “religion” of Judaism. You see, Judaism took its cue from the Word of YHWH which has been around for as long as man has been alive - or at least 6,000 years. Granted, Judaism didn’t become known as a “religion” until after our third Patriarch, Jacob, had a son named Yehudah (Judah) who headed the Tribe of Yehudah, where the term “Judaism” originated.

Regardless, EVERYONE in those days who believed in YHWH – including Adam and Eve (who found out first-hand what happens to those who deliberately disobey ADONAI’s Divine Instructions in Righteousness, which is what is now known as Torah (first five Books of the Bible) – which pertain to ALL of us).

Catholicism and Christianity arrived on the scene approximately 1,900 years ago. Both "religions" borrowed Scriptures from the Torah, then twisted them and began insisting (thanks, in part, to the much-misunderstood writings of Paul), that Torah is a curse!

In the meantime, they changed the Name of our Savior along with the dates of His birth, death and resurrection and came up with their own "holy days" while negating His commanded Biblical Feasts and the Seventh Day Sabbath.

In view of the above, you can see, there is no way that Christians have replaced Jews as YHWH’s chosen! Something to keep in mind is this:

If it hadn't been for “the Jews” being scattered into the nations (Ezekiel 36:19) YHWH and His Son Yeshua would have remained the best-kept secret of tiny, little Israel, and the rest of the world would still be writhing in Paganism. One cannot condemn those Jews who are not yet Believers in the Messiah Yeshua because God hasn't yet opened their spiritual eyes. (Same with many Christians who are busy rejecting YHWH’s Torah….)

Jew-bashing is NOT the way to please God! The Bible tells us that anyone who goes up against them in any way will suffer His wrath:

Genesis 12:3  I will bless those who bless you, but I will curse anyone who curses you; and by you all the families of the earth will be blessed. (CJB)

So, as you can surely see by now, to hate “the Jews” is a huge mistake in God’s eyes! Instead of trying to build yourself up to be “special” or “better than,” perhaps it’s time to simply be filled with joy that you are “grafted into Israel” through the blood of Messiah Yeshua.

Deuteronomy 7:6 For you are a people set apart as holy for ADONAI your God. ADONAI your God has chosen you out of all the peoples on the face of the earth to be his own unique treasure. 7 ADONAI didn't set his heart on you or choose you because you numbered more than any other people - on the contrary, you were the fewest of all peoples. 8 Rather, it was because ADONAI loved you, and because he wanted to keep the oath which he had sworn to your ancestors, that ADONAI brought you out with a strong hand and redeemed you from a life of slavery under the hand of Pharoah king of Egypt. (CJB)

Again, note that YHWH wasn't talking to only the Jews at that point; but, rather, to the 12 Tribes of Israel....He didn't give the Land only to "the Jews"; He gave it to the descendants of Abraham.

Genesis 15:18 That day ADONAI made a covenant with Avram: "I have given this land to your descendants - from the Vadi of Egypt to the great river, the Euphrates River - 19 the territory of the Keni, the K'nizi, the Kadmoni, 20 the Hitti, the P'rizi, the Refa'im, 21 the Emori, the Kena'ani, the Girgashi and the Y'vusi." (CJB)

Jeremiah 31:35-37: This is what the LORD says, he who appoints the sun to shine by day, who decrees the moon and stars to shine by night, who stirs up the sea so that its waves roar- the LORD Almighty is his name: "Only if these decrees vanish from my sight," declares the LORD, "will the descendants of Israel ever cease to be a nation before me." This is what the LORD says: "Only if the heavens above can be measured and the foundations of the earth below be searched out will I reject all the descendants of Israel because of all they have done," declares the LORD. (ESV)

Romans 11:25 For, brothers, I want you to understand this truth which God formerly concealed but has now revealed, so that you won't imagine you know more than you actually do. It is that stoniness, to a degree, has come upon Isra'el, until the Gentile world enters in its fullness; 26 and that it is in this way that all Isra'el will be saved. As the Tanakh says, "Out of Tziyon will come the Redeemer; he will turn away ungodliness from Ya'akov 27 and this will be my covenant with them...when I take away their sins." (CJB)

IMPORTANT: Just because a Gentile has accepted the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, it doesn't mean they have replaced "the Jews". They are simply part of "Israel".

Romans 11: 25. (For I want you to know this) mystery, that blindness of heart has in some measure befallen Israel until the fullness of the Gentiles will come in: 26. And then will all Israel live. As it is written: A deliverer will come from Tsiyon and will turn away iniquity from Ya'akov. 27. And then will they have the covenant that proceed from me when I will have forgiven their sins.

28. Now, in the Good News, they are enemies for your sake; but in the election, they are beloved for the fathers' sake. 29. For Elohim is not changeable in his free gift and in his calling. 30. For as you too were formerly disobedient to Elohim and have now obtained mercy because of their disobedience; 31. So also are they now disobedient to the mercy, which is upon you, that there may be mercy on them likewise. 32. For Elohim has shut up all men in disobedience, that upon all men he might have mercy.

33. O the depth of the riches and the wisdom and the knowledge of Elohim! For man has not searched out his judgments; and his ways are inscrutable. 34. For who has known the mind of Master YHWH? Or who has been a counselor to him? 35. Or who has first given to him and then received from him? 36. Because all is from him, and all by him, and all through him: to whom be praises and benedictions, for ever and ever: Amen. (AENT)

For clarification, "All Israel" refers to those souls who make Teshuva (turn to YHWH) and welcome the Spirit of Mashiyach. Rav Shaul (Paul) does not say or mean that every Jew or Israelite by race will enter into the Malchut Elohim (see Matt 22:2-14; 25:1-12).

In closing, if you are guilty of harboring resentment or arrogance toward “the Jews” then, hopefully, this article has served to help you better understand why an attitude adjustment is needed. Blessings on your as you continue to learn and grow!

This article has demonstrated that Gentiles (Christians) are part of Israel and it is important to embrace that and therefore no reason for anti-semitism. If your “anti-semitism”, on the other hand, is based on a hatred of Israel, then you need to sit down and figure out exactly why you feel that way.

Max Nordau, the great Jewish leader in the late 1800’s wrote: “The Jews are not hated because they have evil qualities; evil qualities are sought for in them because they are hated.”

If you study your inner-self and pray about the the reasons why you may hate Jews, perhaps Adonai will open your eyes and you can truly become the child of God He is desiring you to be.

Get a load of this screen shot below taken from "Jesus-rejecter" William Hall’s latest Facebook post. (Hall is a former Christian pastor turned Hebrew Roots, turned "Jesus rejecter" who now rubs elbows with the counter-missionary rabbis who use him to further their agenda of trying to show Christians why "Jesus is a myth"....)

Posts like this actually make me sad because they reveal that people like Mr. Hall never had a grasp of YHWH's Truth ... and he STILL doesn't!

Oh, if he had only ever opened his eyes instead of allowing himself to be led astray by the sweet-talkin' "Jesus-deniers", he would have learned that Yeshua wasn't a "sacrifice" per se, because nobody "sacrificed" him. (YHWH never demand human sacrifice!) Yeshua MARTYRED himself, against which there is NO law....

Here is my screen shot, followed by our response:

Okay, so let’s look at how much we can find wrong with the supposed “brilliance” in these statements:
“Christianity poses only a blood sacrifice by a human figure”.
Actually, no. Christianity recognizes the blood redemption for them by another. Completely permitted in Torah. While it is true that the word “sacrifice” is often misused, here it does not mean a “slaughter at the Temple”, rather, it means the Messiah’s voluntary death for us was “a” sacrifice, that is, he offered himself on our behalf.
“Humans are unclean by design as well as an abomination in relation to sacrifices”.
Realistically, humans were “clean” by design, then they sinned and became unclean. And of course, Elohim never asked for a “human sacrifice” (other than testing Abraham). But as stated above, the Messiah was not a “sacrifice.” And though Mr. Hall does not see it, the Messiah’s “humanity” was not the same as our “humanity”.
“Jesus, even though the new testament poses him as perfect, is still a human figure. Unclean and an abomination.”
Actually, no. The NT “poses” him as perfect because he was. The only “human figure” to achieve that. But Mr. Hall’s advanced intellect won’t let him see that. (I suspect Mr. Hall actually DOES see that, but he can’t bring himself to admit it. Thus, he only refers to the Messiah as “Jesus”, the godless, Torahless entity of Christianity, instead of “Yeshua” the Messiah. You see, Mr. Hall used to believe in Yeshua, then he was taken over to the “dark side” and he must now hide behind the lies he is now filled with.
“In addition, he was beaten beyond recognition. The Torah is very clear in that any animal sacrifice MUST be without blemish at the time of the sacrifice/death.”
ALL animal sacrifices, which started out “without blemish” were sliced with a knife, bled out, cut apart, body parts held in the air and tossed into a fire!
Thus EVERY animal sacrifice IMMEDIATELY lost its “unblemished” condition! How silly is this claim this attempts to hide behind! Fact is, Yeshua was “unblemished” when he was charged with crimes he did not commit, supported by the Jewish Sanhedrin which actively sought his death! In the record of the Messiah’s death, Mr. Hall, just who were the “unclean”? (Hint: You represent them today!)
“ALSO, he didn’t stay dead, therefore not a valid sacrifice.”
Here, Mr. Hall reveals his hypocrisy by admitting that Yeshua did not stay dead! Thus, Mr. Hall reveals that he truly does believe, but he is mired in his obligation to deny it! The whole point of the Messiah’s blood redemption for each of us (who accept it) was that WE are redeemed. If he stayed dead, then there would need to be another Messiah, and another, and another, ad infinitum, to repeat the redemption! (Curiously, endless animals affecting “purgation” at the Temple, remained dead and failed to actually “redeem”!)
Mr. Hall can’t seem to separate the purpose of the endless slaughter of animals which only provided a temporary atonement for the community’s sins, from the Messiah who provided a single and permanent, one-time atonement.
Mr. Hall also seems oblivious to the fact that Elohim gave ALL people of the era (and into the future), ONE GENERATION to “get it”, that is, when the Messiah became our redemption, the temple operated only ONE MORE GENERATION before it was destroyed! After that, the Jews and the Jew wannabes like Mr. Hall lost their chance at the one-time redemption offer. My goodness!
Elohim declared many times that He would be our redeemer (Isaiah 60:16, for example), yet Mr. Hall rejects that Elohim came through and provided for that promised redemption through his own Messiah! Elohim redeemed – as He said He would! But the Mr. Halls of the world reject it! No wonder Jews and Jew wannabes like Mr. Hall are called out in scripture as “stiff-necked people” (see Exodus 32:9, and others)!
If YOU are among those who is thinking of rejecting YHWH's Divine Messiah, please check out our articles BEFORE making the biggest mistake of your life!

Who does Yeshua say he is?

Mere men cannot atone? WRONG!

The Passover connection to Yeshua
   
YHWH/Yeshua relationship
 
Tanach DOES point to Yeshua!

Monday, April 15, 2019

What does the phrase, “not under Torah” mean?

Galatians 5:15. But if you bite and devour one another--beware!--or else you consume one another. 16. I say then: you should walk through the Spirit and the lust of the flesh will not subdue you. 17. For flesh desires a thing that is against the Spirit, and the Spirit desires a thing that is against the flesh, and both of these are opposed to one another so that you are not able to do as you wish. 18. If, then, you are led by the Spirit, you are not under Torah… (AENT)

“Under the Torah” is simply an idiomatic expression that refers to a false teaching that has never been true. The Dead Sea Scrolls confirm that this phrase “under the Torah” refers to strict religious halacha (“instruction” or “teaching,” which requires interpretation and application), not obedience to Torah itself.

When Paul speaks of being "under the law" or the "works of the law", he is speaking against legalism, and not against the Torah. There is no Hebrew word for the concept of "legalism" or "legalist" so Paul was hindered in his attempt to explain to the Gentiles that legalism was not what God intended.

Paul was not teaching against Torah observance by believers of Yeshua; rather, he was being careful in his language to make it clear that Torah was not given by God to be used in a legalistic manner.

Some people insist that there is no explicit text in the New Testament that commands us to "walk in Torah" or in any way continue to adhere to any of the commands of the old covenant. However, Romans 3:31 clearly says: 31 Do we then nullify the Law through faith? May it never be! On the contrary, we establish the Law....

We need to understand that Torah has not at any time “saved” anyone! YHWH saves when His people demonstrate a sincere obedience to His Righteous Instructions (Torah). Blind ritual (or religion) alone without the love of YHWH profits nothing. YHWH is “the Spirit” of the Renewed Covenant that “writes Torah upon the heart.”

For a deeper study, please see our website’s article: Understanding "under law"…

A word about the "final season of Game of Thrones!"

Lately, television news anchors have been excitedly advertising "the final season of Game of Thrones!" People seem to be going crazy over this show, some even dressing up like the characters of this fantasy set in Medieval times. There's a place in Ireland where you can even go to spend your money to live out the fantasy...

Well, as Believers, my husband and I couldn't even make it through the first half hour of the first show, because we were so appalled and disgusted by the blatant pornography, that we immediately deleted the series.

Sex today, in this fallen world of ours, seems to equate to nothing more than a handshake. It's turned into a type of idolatry from which there is no turning back. The proverbial genie has been let out of the bottle, and things began to "go downhill" back when movies began to show married couples sitting in the same bed....

Anyway, gratuitous sex scenes were apparently not enough for today's audience, which seems to be obsessed with watching others engaged in a most private act - something that ADONAI never meant to become a spectator sport...

Obviously, this is all part of the ends times scenario outlined in the Books of Daniel and Revelation.

Here are just a few of the myriad scriptures warning us to abstain from idolatry:

Colossians 3:5 5 Therefore, put to death the earthly parts of your nature - sexual immorality, impurity, lust, evil desires and greed (which is a form of idolatry); 6 for it is because of these things that God's anger is coming on those who disobey him. (CJB)

1 John 5:21 Little children, keep yourselves from idols.

1 Corinthians 10:14 Therefore, my beloved, flee from idolatry.

Galatians 5:19. For you know the works of the flesh, which are these: adultery, impurity and lasciviousness, 20. idolatry, witchcraft, enmity, strife, jealousy, anger, stubbornness, treacheries, heresies, 21. Envy, murder, drunkenness, revelry and all like things. Those who do things like these, they will not inherit the Kingdom of Elohim. (AENT)

Jonah 2:8 8 "Those who worship vain idols give up their source of mercy… (CJB)

Sunday, April 14, 2019

Can we really not call ourselves “Rabbi” or “Father”?

So many folks seem to have misunderstood Matthew 23:8-9 and will attempt to use it to show people they CANNOT call themselves “Rabbi” or “Father”….

Thing is, there is nothing wrong with calling yourself "Rabbi" if you've earned the yeshiva degree! It's no different than someone with a Doctorate calling themselves "Doctor." They have every right to do it.

The scripture verses that tell us not to call any man Rabbi or Father are there to show that men should not "exalt themselves" or "lord themselves" over anybody, just because they have the education or knowledge.

I mean, think about it realistically - if no one can use the term "Father" then every kid in the world is sinning whenever they call their Dad "Father"... NO! The term is simply not to be used to lord or exalt yourself over anybody.

Those in the Hebrow Roots movement calling themselves Rabbi when they haven't bothered to actually get their semicha from a yeshiva, are "exalting" themselves.... Same thing with most Christian pastors. They were "ordained" because someone laid hands on them and said, "I ordain" you. Never mind that they have never taken the classes to LEARN how to be a pastor...